What is the meaning of HaMoed Shavuot?
Written on 06/09/19 at 18:34:59 EST by BenAvraham
SHAVUOT/PENTECOST   What’s it all about?

    This is the time of year when this “Moed” (appointed time) is
celebrated.  There are three times when all Israelites were
commanded to go up to Yerushalayim to celebrate God’s appointed
times, Passover, The Feast of Tabernacles, and the Feast of Weeks,
known as “Shavuot” or in Greek “Pentecost” which most churches
recognize.  We all remember the day of “Pentecost” as when the
“Ruach HaKodesh” (The Holy Spirit) fell upon all the believers
that were gathered in Yerushalayim to celebrate the Feast of

    Yet the “Feast of Weeks” (Shavuot) had been celebrated yearly
for the past thousand years, ever since the day that Fire fell on
Mt. Sinai.  That was the very first “Shavuot”.  When Moshe and the
People of Israel received the Torah from God at Sinai in the form
of two tablets of stone, but this was just the major points of the
Torah, there were to be many more details in the making.

    It really goes back to Egypt when the Israelites were still
slaves.  YHVH made some promises to His people, and we remember
those promises in the forms of the 4 cups of wine during Passover.

1.     “I am YHVH, I will bring you out from under the burdens of
the Egyptians
2.    “I will deliver you from their bondage
3.    “I will redeem you with an outstretched arm and with great
4.    “I will take you for MY PEOPLE and I will be YOUR GOD.  

The first three were accomplished in Egypt, then, at Sinai, on the
day of Shavuot, the 4th promise was fulfilled.  YHVH took the 12
tribes of Israel and united them as a NATION.  The Israelites left
behind Egypt, yet “Egypt” followed them across the Red Sea, in the
form of mind-set and philosophy and in the form of “false gods”
This was evident when they made the “golden calf”.  It took YHVH
one day to take Israel out of Egypt, but it took 40 years to take
Egypt out of Israel.  

     When we read Exodus 19:18,19 we read about the day of
“Torah-giving” at Sinai.  They received the Torah amidst
lightning, thunder, the sound of the Shofar and the voice of God.  
Yet when YHVH finished the 10th commandment, the people said,
“Speak to us yourself Moshe, but don’t let God speak to us or we
will die”

    We wonder what would have happened if the people had not said
that? Perhaps YHVH would have continued speaking out the
commandments in front of all the people.  But, YHVH called Moshe
up to the top of the Mountain and the rest of the Torah was given.  
10 commandments were spoken directly to the people by YHVH, and
603 were spoken by God to Moshe, and later, given to the people

    In Leviticus, we see the commandment to celebrate Shavuot in
chapter 23:15-22.  They were to count “7” sabbaths (49 days) and
then the next day (day 50) they were to celebrate.  This time was
harvest time.  During the time of Passover, the barley harvest was
ready, then 50 days later, the wheat harvest.

    Two loaves of wheat bread were to be made and “waved” before
YHVH (up towards heaven, down towards the earth, then to the
North, South, East, and West) Blessing and thinking Adonai for the
blessings from heaven (the rain that falls from Heaven down to the
earth) blessing all the lands of the earth, those lands that are
in the North, the South, the East, and the West.  When it rains,
the seeds come up, grow, and mature, then harvested.

    On thing to note, God said; “when you enter the land which I
am going to give you and reap the harvest…)  So, this was not done
while the Israelites were in the wilderness, but when they entered
Canaan! And settled that land.

    The two loaves of bread were to be baked with leaven.  We
think of leaven as related to sin, but it is also a good thing,
leaven is also related to teaching and instruction.  Yes, we are
all “leavened” with the “sin nature” yet we are also “leavened” by
God’s Word, his Torah, which should “grow” inside of us.  So just
as bread swells up and grows through leaven, so we grow through
the “leaven” of God’s Word.

    Together with the two loaves, 7 yearling lambs were offered,
also a bullock, two rams, and a drink offering were presented as
burnt offerings.  The lambs symbolize “Yeshua” who is the “lamb of
God” the number 7 symbolizes perfection.  The bullock symbolizes
the “strength” of Adonai, the two rams remind us of the substitute
ram which took Isaac’s place on Mt. Moriah.  Two rams, perhaps one
for the Jews and other for the Gentiles, with the understanding
that Yeshua was the substitute and redeemer for both Israel and
for the rest of the nations (HaGoyim) The drink offering was wine,
which symbolizes the blood of Yeshua.

    One can wonder, why 2 loaves?  The number 2 in Hebrew can
symbolize “union and division”. It takes 2 entities to make a
covenant.  In our case, Yeshua and us!  Through his death, we are
“united” in Him when we trust Him as our LORD and Savior, and we
are “divided” from the lost world of perdition.

  We can look at the number 2 as in the loaves of bread as things
that come in pairs; 2 tablets of the commandments, transformation
and resurrection, cleansing and purification, death and life
illustrated by the believer’s baptism, but it also symbolizes the
Jews and Gentiles.
   We can also see parallels in Sinai and Yerushalayim; Fire came
down on Sinai, it also came down at Jerusalem.  The fire at Sinai
did not

touch the people, the fire during Jerusalem’s Pentecost DID touch
each and every believer!  At Sinai, the “Ruach Elohim” (Spirit of
God) rested on Moshe, at Pentecost, it INDWELLED in every
believer.  At Sinai, the Torah was written on tables of Stone and
read to the people, at Jerusalem, the Torah was written on the
tables of the heart of believers.  Both events took place on
Shavuot, both events were accompanied by languages.  At Sinai, in
Hebrew, at Jerusalem, in Hebrew PLUS many, many other languages
(some believe 70)
    At Sinai, there was a mixed-multitude (Israelites, Egyptians,
and perhaps Nubians) at Jerusalem, people from all over the then

populated world.  The Torah is the teaching, the Holy Spirit, is
the “teacher” Pentecost at Jerusalem also fulfills Isaiah’s
prophecy: “For out of Zion shall come forth the Torah and the WORD
of Adonai, from Jerusalem” (Isaiah 2:3)

    At Sinai, the people were kept away, at Jerusalem, the people
were touched by God, the glory of God came to each believer.  In
Old Testament times, the Spirit of God rested on only certain
individuals, such as the Prophets, at Pentecost, it filled ALL
BELIEVERS just as today, when a person receives Yeshua as LORD and
Savior, the Holy Spirit comes to dwell inside of that person.  

    Another note; the Hebrew word KOLOT means both “voices” and
“thunder”.  At Sinai, the people heard “voices” both thunder and
the voice of God.  At Jerusalem, the people heard the “voices” of
those who were gifted with the different languages to preach God’s
    There are also ¨3 dimensions of Shavuot or Pentecost¨  Number
1,  ¨Provision¨  Adonai provides us with our basic material needs.  
He has given us the fruit of the earth, the basic foods from the
earth through rain, planting and harvesting, and of course, the
sun.  He has also given us our spiritual needs, through the Torah
and understanding of the same through the Ruach HaKodesh (the Holy

    Number 2¨  Revelation of His WORD, first to Moshe at Sinai,
and now to all believers, there is general revelation, through the
evidence of HIS existence, all we have to do is look around us at
nature, all things reveal HIM who created all things,   and there
is special revelation, HIS Holy Word through the Holy Spirit who
gives us understanding.  

    Number 3     the Power of God, to understand His Word,
through the Holy Spirit.  In Judaism, there are 4 levels of
understanding of the scriptures  Peshat, Derash, Remez, and Sod  (
literal, Spiritual and moral, symbolism, and hidden, some call it
mystic, but I don t like that word, one can call it understanding
through numbers, or gematria,  (not numerology, mind you)  

    A final note, the first fruits of the harvest can symbolize
“Yeshua” and the “harvest” itself, ALL BELIEVERS who are part of
it.  Today, there is still much “fruit” to harvest, so, we must
get busy and teach the word and share the gospel with those who
have an ear to hear and a heart to accept the same.


Rabbi Ben Avraham

Right now, writing and sending this from El Salvador, Central
America, and using another keyboard which is weird, since some
keys do not reflect the symbols printed on them.  Oi!

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